East-Central European Nationalisms During the First World War
The Political and Territorial Programmes of the Nation-States
and Disintegration of the Habsburg Monarchy
Detailed Research Project
1. Historiographical background, problems to be solved. Professional antecedents
The research planned for four years will examine the working and the parallel developments of ideological, political and territorial programmes of the nation- and state-buliding nationalisms of the Habsburg Monarchy and, within it, especially the Kingdom of Hungary in the years of the First World War. The four years of the Great War, besides the immense devastation and the awful lot of suffering proved to be a watershed in the history of European nationalism, too, and indeed, decisive in the nation-state reshufflement of the East-Central and South-Eastern European region. One of the main interpretations of the often rewritten war” of the last century and the peace-treaty system concluding it is the nation-state underastanding of the self-determination endeavours of the small nations. This was the time when nation and territory, nation and state became the twin notions of nationalisms in the area. The integration efforts of the affected related societies or societes with identical ethnicity were concretely voiced for the first time in political programmes. This was the era when Czechoslovak, Ukrainian, Rumanian, and southern Slavonic nation-state programmes received their first publicity. These conceived of the realization of national independence within nation-state frameworks. The endeavours of nationalities formerly concentrating on the internal reshufflement of the Monarchy and the great-Rumanian, southern Slavonic, Czech-Slavonic co-operation projects that were of cultural and economic nature were planned to be territorialized.